VaccineEthics.org was originally developed at the University of Pennsylvania Center for Bioethics under the direction of Jason L. Schwartz. The study of ethical issues associated with vaccines and vaccination programs was a research focus of the Center for Bioethics beginning in January 2005. The Center identified and studied ethical challenges present throughout the vaccine life-cycle; organized regional, national, and international meetings; and contributed to the scholarly and public dialogues on vaccine ethics and policy.
All funds used in relation to VaccineEthics.org came from a grant from The Greenwall Foundation. (“The Ethical Challenges of Vaccines: Teaching and Learning Initiatives”: AL Caplan, Principal Investigator; JL Schwartz, Project Director.)
The Greenwall Foundation was established in 1949 by Frank K. Greenwall, CEO of National Starch Products, Inc., later to become National Starch and Chemical Corporation, and his wife, Anna Alexander Greenwall. Begun as a family foundation with an initial capital of $13,500, Greenwall is today an independent foundation awarding approximately $3 million annually and recognized nationally for its interdisciplinary program in bioethics and for supporting innovative artistic work in New York City.
Since 1991, The Foundation's program in bioethics has provided funding for physicians, lawyers, philosophers, economists, theologians and other professionals to address micro and macro issues in bioethics, providing guidance for those engaged in decision making at the bedside as well as those responsible for shaping institutional and public policy.
This website is for general information purposes only. While every attempt has been made to ensure that all information is accurate and up-to-date, this site should not be considered a replacement for consultation with a health care professional. If you have questions or concerns about your health or medical treatment, please contact your health care provider.